Bibles & Books
The Roman Breviary - English & Latin
The Roman Breviary - English & Latin
The Roman Breviary - English and Latin BP-5500
Flexible Cover - Black Leather
THIS PRODUCT IS EXCLUDED FROM ANY DISCOUNT CODES
A new edition of the Roman Breviary 1961 in English and Latin. An invaluable set of books for all those attached to the traditional Roman Breviary, in the form approved by Pope Benedict XVI in Summorum Pontificum. We hope and pray that this edition which has taken many years of work to complete, will help to bring about an increased use of the traditional liturgy in the praying of the Divine Office of the Church.
Summary of features:
6,064 pages printed in black and red, text of all hours in Latin and English with rubrics in English.
Concordat cum orginali – meaning the Latin text is approved by the Church for liturgical use, Imprimatur and foreword from Bishop Fabian Bruskewitz STD of Lincoln.
Based on the popular three-volume Breviary published by Collegeville in 1963.
St. Jerome's traditional Gallican Psalter from the Vulgate is used throughout.
English version of Psalms thoroughly revised to match the Gallican Psalter.
Follows rubrics promulgated by Blessed Pope John XXIII – the form of the traditional Breviary approved in Pope Benedict XVI's Summorum Pontificum.
Scriptural texts in English follow the Confraternity translation (a 1940s revision of Challoner's Douai-Rheims Bible), which have been revised where necessary to conform to the Vulgate text.
Contains Penitential Psalms and the Office for the Dead.
Full texts of national feasts for the USA included in the Proper of Saints. National feasts for England & Wales, Scotland and Australasia indicated in the Proper on the dates they occur.
English versions of hymns in the acclaimed translation of the Rev. Joseph Connelly.
Thirty engravings throughout, which have been selected from traditional liturgical books, carefully scanned, and re-mastered – correcting any defects in images where necessary.
Extracts from the Rituale Romanum (including the most commonly used litanies) given in Latin with English rubrics in an Appendix.
Full text of relevant motu proprio (Pope John XXIII's Rubricarum Instructum and Pope Benedict's Summorum Pontificum) in Latin and English.
Thirteen Cards with commonly used prayers in Latin and English.
All texts of the Cards also gathered in a handy booklet – in addition to being on the cards.
Booklet containing common texts and basic instructions for praying for the Day Hours of the Breviary. Both booklets are sized to conveniently fit at the back of each volume.
A free copy of Learning the Traditional Breviary is included with all orders.
Flexible cover, leather bound with edge stitching for extra durability.
Printed on light cream Bible paper.
Beautifully printed endpapers
Gold gilt page edges and rounded corners.
Six soft ribbons.
Slipcase provided for each volume for additional protection.
The motu proprio of His Holiness, Pope Benedict XVI, Summorum Pontificum, marked a milestone in the liturgical life of the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church. Pope Benedict XVI came to the See of Rome with a profound knowledge of, and deep appreciation for, the liturgical sciences. His motu proprio established that the Roman Rite is not restricted to one single expression, but that there are indeed two legitimate expressions or "forms" of the rite. The Church uses as the ordinary form, that which was promulgated by Pope Paul VI. What is now known as the extraordinary form is the rite that was celebrated previous to, and throughout the Second Vatican Council, and is recognized by His Holiness as a priceless gift to the entire people of God. The venerable Sacred Liturgy has always included offices of prayer which serve to sanctify the hours of the day. In order to enrich their prayer life and deepen their celebration of the sublime Mystery of Faith, Summorum Pontificum opened the possibility for the clergy to employ the Latin form of the Breviary in use in 1962, to fulfil their obligation to recite the Divine Office.
It is therefore my pleasure to grant my episcopal approval for this new edition of The Roman Breviary in Latin and English. These handsomely produced volumes will serve those Catholics in the English speaking world who are attached to the extraordinary form of the Roman Rite, by allowing them to enter more deeply into the spiritual riches provided by the older Latin liturgical forms. However, our Holy Father has always insisted on the hermeneutic of continuity and reform, so the Breviary of 1960 will not only be spiritually profitable in and of itself, but it will also help to enrich and deepen understanding and celebration of the Liturgy of the Hours as reformed by Pope Paul VI. The return to print of a bilingual version of this form of the Breviary – which has not been available to the faithful for forty years – has not come too soon, as it will allow those whose Latin is less than fluent to participate more fruitfully in these beautiful and timeless prayers.
The Most Reverend Fabian W. Bruskewitz, STD
Bishop of Lincoln
INTRODUCTION TO THE BARONIUS EDITION OF THE ROMAN BREVIARY
From the first rays of the rising sun until heaven’s fiery orb sheds its final light – and even beyond that – the Church offers a spiritual sacrifice of praise through the Divine Office, that compliments the sacrifice of the Mass, and in union with it serves to sanctify the day, returning praise to the God who gives us not only the day but every good and perfect gift. Through the seven day-time offices, and the office of Matins which is properly said either as the clock strikes midnight to announce the new day or as the streaks of dawn announce the returning sun, the Church draws on hymns, psalms, and scriptural canticles, to raise praise, prayer and petitions of every kind to God.
The heart and soul of the Office is the Psalter. Pope Pius X noted the supreme value of the psalms in his encyclical Divino Afflatu,and his revision of the Office’s Psalter in the early twentieth century was designed to restore the ancient tradition of reciting the entire book of psalms over the course of a week.1 Quoting St Athanasius, he bears testimony to the power of the psalms in our spiritual life:
The psalms have the power to fire our souls with zeal for all the virtues. ‘All our scripture, both Old and New Testaments, is divinely inspired and is useful for teaching, as the apostle says. But the book of psalms is like a garden which contains the fruits of all the other books, grows a crop of song and so adds its own special fruit to the rest.’ These are the words of Saint Athanasius, and he goes on: ‘It seems to me that for him who recites them the psalms are like a mirror, in which a man may see himself and the movements of his heart and mind and then give voice to them.’2
The psalms, containing within them the joys, sorrows, glories, and whole spectrum of our lives as we journey to the heavenly Jerusalem, became the heart the early Church’s daily worship as they had been in Judaism. As Dr Pius Parch notes in his introduction to the Hours in this edition of the Breviary, “The Psalter is and will remain the many-stringed harp upon which we can sound all the chords of our prayer life and from which we can draw out all the deep notes of our heart.” Each provides its own insight into some aspect of the spiritual life and human experience, be it the depths of despair or the exuberance of praise.
The Council of Trent
Although the pre-conciliar Breviary was shaped by the revisions of Pope Pius X, it also bears the marks of the Council of Trent, and some background to that Council’s work and its subsequent history of the Office may help to understand its form. By the sixteenth century the practise of combining all the texts for the Office into one volume – essentially the modern Breviary – had led to changes in the way the Hours were recited. Notably the weekly recitation of the entire Psalter was overshadowed, as the number the feasts of Saints, which had proper psalms assigned to them sharply increased. Cardinal Francis Quignonez was entrusted by Pope Clement VII with the task of revising the Divine Office. The weekly recitation of all 150 psalms was to be restored. Yet while trying to restore this ancient practice to the very heart of the Office his revision was, in many ways, a radical departure from the traditional Roman form. Each Hour was to have three psalms, which were to be unrepeated elsewhere. Previously Terce, Sext, None and Compline had invariably repeated the same psalms every day, while some of the psalms appointed to Lauds and Prime were also repeated daily. Quignonez saw that in practise the Office served two functions, as public prayer in choir and as the private prayer of individual priests. His restructuring of the new Offices emphasised the Hours as the cleric’s private prayer and he removed many features more suited to recitation in choir, such as Antiphons, Responsories, and so on. This attracted considerable criticism from those who were shocked by the break with established liturgical practice.3 This did not prevent it being widely used by clerics for private recitation, and Quignonez later restored some of the ommitted features in response to these criticisms in a revised version of the Breviary.4The reaction to Cardinal Quignonez’s Breviary illustrates the tension implicit in the Office. On one hand, it was supposed to be the Church’s public prayer, chanted every day in Cathedrals and larger churches. On the other hand it had become the priest’s private reserve.
Others schemes for the revision of the Breviary were also mooted: with the rise of Humanism there came a call for a return to the standards of classical Latin, in reaction to the ‘debased’ Medieval Latin, and in particular for hymns to reflect the ‘perfection’ of Cicero or Seneca. A new hymnary for the Breviary was begun in the 1530s under the patronage of Pope Leo X. Bishop Ferreri of Guarda Alfieri in Naples, worked to produce a hymnary which reflected these aspirations. It showed a strong affection for classical literature and the compositions were strewn with allegorical references to Pagan deities, even the Trinity was described as “Triforme Numen Olympi”. The project was never concluded, but raised the possibility of the traditional hymns being altered.
After these various schemes for reform which tried to push the liturgy in one direction or the other, the Council of Trent more or less settled the question of the Office for 400 years, by largely canonizing the medieval form of the liturgy, with some modifications – such as a reduction in interruptions to the weekly Psalter. As Dom Ferdinand Cabrol said, “They corrected the lessons, or legends, of the saints and revised the Calendar; and while respecting ancient liturgical formularies such as the collects, they introduced needful changes in certain details.”5 The Breviary of Trent essentially reaffirmed the Gregorian schemata of psalms. The only change was a small concession to those who found the larger number of psalms appointed to the Sunday morning Offices to be a burden – and the large number of psalms was onerous by any standards – so in Prime a number of psalms were redistributed across the weekdays, instead of being recited en bloc on Sunday. The Breviary of Pope St. Pius V, published in 1568 remained the exemplar for all editions of the Breviary until the early twentieth century.
Further minor changes were made to the Breviary: by Pope Sixtus V in 1588, who introduced the revised Vulgate text; and Pope Clement VIII in 1602, who set Cardinals Baronius and Bellarmine to overhaul the rubrics. More substantial changes were introduced by Pope Urban VIII who revived the idea of “correcting” the hymns according to classical rules of grammar and metre which ante-dated their composition. Dom Prosper Gueranger unflatteringly described the revised hymns as “touched up in the seventeenth century according to the taste of that age”.6 Later commentators have not been as kind. The revised hymns were not universally embraced – they were never adopted in the Basilica of St Peter, nor by the Monastic Orders who were more conservative in their hymnary.7 The judgement of history appears to be on their side, and the scholary assessment of these compositions in the twentieth century has generally been that the seventeenth-century revisions are inferior to the originals in terms of literary merit.8For better or worse the hymns in this volume are those of Urban which were in use in the Roman Breviary of 1961, that being the edition referred to in Summorum Pontificum.9
Schemes to rearrange the Psalter did not abate, and the Gallican Breviaries10 of the eighteenth century made sweeping changes. They followed Cardinal Quignonez’s principal of only reciting each psalm once, while keeping the traditional number of psalms to be recited at each hour, but also abandoned most traditional hymns, antiphons and responsories in favour of newer compositions. There is a magnificent use of Scripture in many of the newer compositions, which means some incredible typological pieces, such as some of the Marian responsories.11 Unfortunately it seems that a quasi-Jansenist mistrust of Tradition, rather than a pure love of Scripture motivated the revisers who, once again, set out to conform the prayer of the Church to contemporary tastes. While these were abandoned in the nineteenth century, its Psalter probably paved the way for later schema of a similar nature. The Benedictine Congregation of St Maur, taking advantage of the passage in The Rule that the psalms could be arranged differently “provided that care be taken that every week a hundred-and-fifty psalms be sung”,12 produced a scheme influnced by the Gallican Breviaries that involved only reciting each psalm once in the course of the week.13
Early Twentieth Century
In 1902 Pope Leo XIII appointed a commission to consider the renewal of the liturgy, including the Breviary, but no major changes were made until the pontificate of Pope St Pius X. Again the object of this Holy Pontiff’s revision was that those praying the hours would recite the entire book of psalms every week. As he wrote, “the offices of the Sundays and ferias are hardly ever heard, and thus neglect has fallen on not a few psalms”. Pius X must have been well aware of previous reforms, such as that of the Benedictines of St Maur, when he revised the weekly cycle of psalms, and one can see the influence of these on his Breviary. The Breviary of 1911 also introduced divisios (the breaking up of psalms into smaller sections) into the Roman Office from the Monastic form.14
His reasons for the revision were that following the First Vatican Council:
a great many bishops in various parts of the world [...] asked, among other things, that the ancient custom of reciting the whole Psaltery within the week might be restored as far as possible, but in such a way that the burden should not be made any heavier for the clergy, whose labours in the vineyard of the sacred ministry are now increased owing to the diminution in the number of labourers.
While the repetition of material made it easier to learn to chant the Minor Hours and Compline in the pre-1910 scheme, this was far from the way the Office was normally prayed in the early twentieth century. First and foremost it was used as the priest’s private prayer, and Pius X’s revisions reduced what many priests considered the burden of the number of verses they repeated every day, in order to make it a more effective tool of sanctification. Yet Pope Pius recognised that the prayer of the Church was used as a public choral office, as can be seen in his revised scheme for Sundays and Feast days, where the psalms appointed for the Day Hours was practically unchanged (on Sundays he removed three psalms from Lauds, one from Prime, and the verses of Psalm 30 appointed for Compline). This meant that on those occassions when the Office was more likely to be chanted it would continue to be so with practically no disruption.
While it is easy to mourn the loss of the old Psalter from a choral perspective, it is easy to overlook exactly how much priests had to recite in the pre-1910 office, and how rushed recitation could be. The new arrangement meant no less than 1844 fewer verses were recited over the course of a typical week.15 Pius’ reforms were eminantly pragmatic at all levels: retaining both the weekly recitation of the entire Psalter, and the familiar chants for Sundays and festivals. The only other solution open to him would have been to have abandoned the one-week Psalter, possibly moving to a two-week cycle as in the Ambrosian rite. This would have been a radical change for the Roman rite, but it would have allowed for the repetition of the psalms in the day hours to be kept.
Pius X forbade the use of the old Office after the 1st January 1913: “Wherefore, let nobody infringe or temerariously oppose this page of our abolition, revocation, permission, ordinance, precept, statue, indult, mandate and will. But if anybody shall presume to attempt this let him know that he will incur the indignation of almighty God and of his apostles the blessed Peter and Paul.” Pius X made clear his absolute authority as reigning Pontiff to legitimately implement the revision of the Psalter. While regrets were expressed over the discontinuation of certain immemorial traditions, such as the loss of the daily recitation of the Lauds Psalms – which certainly dated back to the fourth century as part of the Christian liturgy, and may have been continuously prayed by Christians from the early first century when Our Lord recited them as part of the daily Jewish services – no one opposed the new Breviary’s introduction, recognising that it had behind it the full force of the Petrine Office.
After Pius X
Although Pius X’s changes were the most sweeping reforms to the traditional Breviary in the twentieth century – one may even be tempted to say in its history – the Office was not set in aspic after his revisions. 1945 saw the introduction of a new Psalter from the Hebrew which could be used as an alternative to St Jerome’s so-called ‘Gallican’ translation from the Greek Septuagint. It was promulgated by Pope Pius XII in his motu proprio In Cotidianis Precibus, in which henoted how the new Psalter was introduced in response to requests from the clergy:
What they desired was a Latin Psalter that would bring out more clearly the meaning the Holy Spirit had inspired, that would give truer expression to the devout sentiments of the Psalmist’s soul, that would reflect his style and his very words more exactly. [...] We decided to comply with these devout wishes and gave orders that a new Latin translation of the psalms be provided. [...] We hereby of Our own free choice [motu proprio] and upon mature deliberation permit them to use [the new Psalter], should they wish to do so, in either private or public recitation [...]
It is often said that Pope John XXIII disliked the Psalter approved by his predecessor and invariably used the Gallican Psalter when he prayed the Office. While this may be apocryphal, the anecdote illustrates how a preferance for the older Psalter has endured in the Church. While publishers in the 1960s favoured the new Psalter, the faithful continued to prefer the familiar cadences of St Jerome. It is easy to unfavourably compare Pius XII’s Psalter with Jerome’s work, but we should recognise both that it is a solid, readable translation of the Hebrew that could be prayfully employed, and that the Gallican Psalter contains some obscure passages which are so dark as to be unintelligable. Given that the sensus fidelium settled on the Gallican Psalter it seemed only right to include that text in this edition. Certainly it would seem odd to hear any other version chanted in the traditional Office.16
The drive for the new translation from the Hebrew was conditioned by several factors, one of which was increasing disatisfaction with the difficult passages in Jerome’s work. There were conservative responses to this issue, which could easily be regarded as part of an organic development of the Church’s liturgical practice. Notably Dom Rob Weber of Clairvaux Abbey, produced a recension of the Gallican Psalter in 1961 (Psalterii secundum Vulgatem Bibliorum Versionem nova recensio), altering only those verses in Jerome’s translation which were wholly unintelligiable. With a view, both to the difficulties in Jerome, and, perhaps, to the failure of the Hebrew Psalter promulgated by Pius XII to win widespread popularity, the Second Vatican Council leant its support to another revision of the Psalter, which took into account “the style of Christian Latin, the liturgical use of psalms, also when sung, and the entire tradition of the Latin Church”.17 Rather than either adopting Dom Weber’s work, or undertaking a revision along similar lines, a thorough revision of the Gallican Psalter was made, which not only cleared up textual difficulties, but also conformed the Latin to the Hebrew version of the psalms. While the resulting Neo-Vulgate Psalter retains many of Jerome’s rich phrases, and (in my opinion) is easier Latin than either of its predeceasors it omits many familiar verses from the Gallican Psalter.
In the wake of the Second Vatican Council came a thorough-going revision of the Liturgy of the Hours.18 In the late 1960s optional adaptations of the Divine Office were permitted, including abbreviating the number of psalms at Lauds and Vespers to three to allow for longer readings (taken from the Missal) and intercessory prayers throughout the year.19 The permission to use the Sunday psalms and antiphon whenever Compline was prayed in public reflected the liturgical tradition pre-dating Pius X’s reforms. However, the possibility of removing of the opening blessing (reflecting a parallel option in Matins) was an innovation without precedent.20 The Interim Breviaries of the early 1970s prepared the way for the Breviary of Paul VI in 1974 which displaced the traditional Office in the life of the Church.
For the best part of 40 years the traditional Liturgy of the Hours remained the preserve of those in traditional orders and associations. Lay liturgy enthusiasts also continued to harbour a love for the older Office, and in a technological age second-hand editions of the Breviary of Pius X have frequently changed hands on various internet trading sites. Of course, the laity have the right to excercise any form of prayer in their private devotions, and can therefore use any form of the Office they wish, including pre-concilar forms of the Breviary. However for clerics who are bound by canon law to certain forms no such freedom attached itself. The motu proprio Summorum Pontificum of Pope Benedict XVI changed that. Establishing that both the pre-conciliar Mass of Pope John XXIII and the revised form promulgated by Paul VI following the Council are two forms of the Roman rite, the latter ordinary, the former extraordinary,21 the Holy Father then went on to grant secular clergy the right to use whichever form of the Breviary they wished to.22 Indeed, some Religious congregations have already accepted the Pope’s invitation to take up the older form of the Office. Summorum Pontificum restored the Breviary of Pius X to its position as a tool of sanctification for all the people of God who wish to draw from its spiritual riches. As Benedict XVI points out in his historic motu proprio: “[T]he Latin liturgy of the Church in its various forms, in each century of the Christian era, has been a spur to the spiritual life of many saints, has reinforced many peoples in the virtue of religion and fecundated their piety.”
Pius X’s Breviary provided a suitable form of the traditional liturgy for clerics and laity in the twentieth century, keeping the historic structure of the Office while revising the Psalter to return to the patristic principle of the weekly recitation of the whole book of psalms. Yet the Breviary of 1961 is not just a historic curiosity, consigned to the dusty stores of a library or museum, only to be sought out by antiquarians and scholars. Benedict’s decree validates the continued relevance and value of this version of the Divine Office for the Church in the twenty-first century. So from the first rays of the rising sun until heaven’s fiery orb sheds its final light, the Church – with the blessing of its supreme Pontiff, the successor of St Peter – may once more offers its spiritual sacrifice with the ancient words of St Jerome’s Psalter, and the traditional order of the Office, which would be familiar to countless generations of saints. God, Our Father, grants us every good and perfect gift, and now by the hand of his Pope He has returned this Breviary to the whole Church. May the tongues of the Adam’s sons and daughters join with those of the angels of heaven in raising the never-ending round of praise to the eternal and undivided Trinity.
Feast of SS. Peter and Paul, 2010
It should be noted that in setting his monks a weekly cycle in his Rule St Benedict laments the loss of the practise of the Fathers who recited the entire Psalter over the course of a day, seeing the weekly cycle as a concession to human weakness (See The Rule of Saint Benedict, translated by Cardinal Gasquet (London: Baronius Press, 2005), pp. 37-38 [chap. 38]). One must also note that the Ambrosian Liturgy, in a scheme arguably as ancient as that Rome, divided the psalms over the course of a fortnight.
Pope Pius X, Divino Afflatu.
It should be noted that his original work was provisional, and that he invited comments from the Church on the first edition.
It is interesting to note that while Quignonez’s Holy Cross Breviary did influence the Book of Common Prayer, they essentially followed his arrangement for private use in both private and public choral situations. The only concession to the two different modes being the possibility of a choral antiphon “in places where it is sung”.
Dom Ferdinand Cabrol, “Breviary” in Catholic Encyclopedia, (New York: Robert Appleton, 1907), Vol. 2. Retrieved 22nd November 2008 from New Advent: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02768b.htm
Dom Prosper Gueranger, Liturgical Year, trans. by Dom Laurence Shepherd and the Benedictines of Stanbrook Abbey, 15 vol.s (Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire: Loretto, 2000), vol. XII: Time After Pentecost III, p. 314.
For example, several orders retained the original Compline hymn, Christ qui lux es et dies, for Lent, indeed the Carthusian Breviary still employed it throughout the year during the Middle Ages.
It is notable that, with some qualification, the Second Vatican Council called for their restoration. See Sacrosancum Concilium, 93. It is often said that the Breviary of Pope Paul VI restored the original form of these hymns – but it must be noted that in many cases significant changes were made to the texts. Just as in the seventeenth century hymns were corrected to meet the stylistic and conceptualistic preferences of the age, so the same process occurred in the twentieth century.
Theoretically there seems to be no fundamental reason why the 1961 edition of the Breviary of the Basilica of St Peter, which retains the original hymns, might not be permitted a wider use within the Church following Summorum Pontificum.
Used in dioceses in France.
For example, on the Feast of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary (now the Feast of the Immaculate Conception) the following responsory was included at Matins:
R. Descendit sicut pluvia in vellus; Benedictum nomen majestatis ejus in aeternum, et replebitur majestate ejus omnis terra.
V. Ecce tabernaculum Dei cum hominibus et habitabit cum eis; et ipse Deus cum eis erit eorum Deus.
R. Benedictum nomen majestatis ejus in aeternum, et replebitur majestate ejus omnis terra.
V. Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto.
R. Replebitur majestate ejus omnis terra.
The Rule of Saint Benedict, translated by Cardinal Gasquet (London: Baronius Press, 2005), p. 37 [chap. 38].
With the exception of the invitatories, which were also laid down in The Rule.
One could argue the Roman Office already employed divisios to a limited degree in Psalm 118.
Theo Keller, “Length of the Divine Office” in “Short” Breviaries in 20th and 21st Century America. Retrieved 22nd November 2008 from Kellerbook: http://www.kellerbook.com/length
Indeed, it should be noted that even after the Pius XII Psalter was introduced the Invitatory at Matins always had to be taken from the Gallican Psalter when the Office was chanted.
Sacrosanctum Concilium, 91.
It is interesting to note that Inter Oecumenici (1964) insisted that the Latin should always accompany English translations of the Divine Office (89: Cf. Sacrosanctum Concilium, 101 §1). Unfortunately this was largely ignored and publishers rushed out vernacular only versions of the Divine Office in the mid ’60s.
At Vespers psalms were chosen ad libitum from those appointed for that day, at Lauds the first psalm was similarly chosen while the canticle and final psalm appointed for that day had to be used.
This was reinserted, albeit as a concluding blessing, in the 1974 Office despite being absent in the Interim versions.
The Breviary of 1961 is related to the Missal of 1962. The readings for the third nocturns in Matins frequently serve as commentaries on the Gospel of the feast. However, the 1961 editio typica of the Breviary considerably shortened the readings in the third nocturns in response to the burden, real or perceived, that many clergy felt attached itself to the longer festal form of Matins. This move was not without precedent as Matins’ lessons had been shortened as part of the revisions of Pius X. It had been hoped to include the longer readings from the pre-1961 third nocturns in an appendix to this edition of the Breviary, after all in Rubricarum instructum John XXIII exhorted all clergy to “have at hand for reading and meditation the works of the Fathers, which are so full of wisdom and piety.” Regrettably it was not possible to include such an appendix in this edition.
Pope Benedict XVI, Summorum Pontificum, 9 §3